Archive for the ‘css’ Category

iPhone doesn’t support :hover? Or does it?

Monday, May 19th, 2008

When reading up about developing websites for iPhone (and iPod Touch), everyone points out how Safari on this platform works pretty much like the desktop version except that the touch interface means some things, for example hover events, do not work. Okay, that makes sense to me.

However, whilst working on other code, I had noticed a few… anomalies! Check out this example page. There is a single CSS rule:

p:hover {
	background-color: red;

This rule does get triggered on an iPhone if the element has a click event handler that returns true. This includes <a>nchor elements, which will work even with JavaScript disabled.

It’s a bit difficult to exploit this behaviour however. I did try to have the rule act like a toggle – enabling and disabling on successive clicks, but iPhone does not (as far as I can tell) support blur() or focus() functions.

What I’d be interested in knowing is if this functionality is by design, or if it is simply a feature of WebKit?

Using CSS3 :target selectors

Friday, March 14th, 2008

This is a quick post to present a JavaScript that provides CSS3 :target pseudo selector like functionality for browsers that do not provide native :target support.

function() {
    var cssClass = 'target';

    // Initialise targeted fragments if any.
    var target = document.getElementById(window.location.hash.slice(1));
    if (target) {
        target.className += ' ' + cssClass;

    // Click event handler function generator. This is passed a "frag" argument
    //   that is a reference to the target element.
    var reCSS = new RegExp("\\b" + cssClass + "\\b");
    function newTargetClickHandler(frag) {
        return function() {
            if (target) {
                target.className = target.className.replace(reCSS, '');
            target = frag;
            target.className += ' ' + cssClass;

    // Run thru <a> elements and add an onclick handler to those that reference
    //   document fragments within the current page.
    var reURI = new RegExp('^' + window.location.href.match(/^[^#]+/)[0] + '#([^#]+)$');
    var elems = document.getElementsByTagName('a');
    for (var i=0; i<elems.length; i++) {
        if (elems[i].href && elems[i].href.match(reURI)) {
            elems[i].onclick = newTargetClickHandler(document.getElementById(RegExp.$1));

When the user clicks on a link that points to a fragment within the current page, this code will add a CSS class of “target” to the targeted element, and will remove the same “target” class from any previously targeted element.

Originally I was using the CSS3 :target pseudo selector and the .target class selector together in the same rule set, but I found that Opera (9.26) would not apply the rules presumably because it considered it invalid.

h2:target, {
    color: red;

I’m not sure if this is correct behavior, but regardless of cause, I found I had to use a duplicate set of CSS rules; one for both modes of selection.

h2:target {
    color: red;
} {
    color: red;

And basically… that’s it! You can see it in action on this test page, and I hope to add a follow up post soon…. time allowing.

You download the the JavaScript here:
Full-fat script with white-space and comments [1621 bytes]
Minified script [1101 bytes]